The Paper Architect is a book by Joyce Aysta on making fold-it-yourself buildings and structures. Joyce is also an ACC show artist, and her book contains pictures of the completed projects, as well as the templates with folding and cutting instructions to create the world's greatest architectural structures from ordinary paper.
The transformer architecture was introduced in 2017 by a team at Google Brain, in a paper entitled Attention is all you need. As you will probably imagine from the conspicuous title, the key ingredient is a novel mechanism called attention. The objective of attention is to identify which parts of the input are more important for the objective of the neural network. In other words, to identify which parts of the input it should pay attention to.
In 1747, during the Edo period, a book titled Ranma zushiki (欄間図式) was published, which contained various designs of the ranma (ja:欄間), an decoration of Japanese architecture. This included origami of various designs, including paper models of cranes, which are still well known today, and it is thought that by this time, many people were familiar with origami for play, which modern people recognize as origami. During this period, origami was commonly called orikata (折形) or orisue (折据) and was often used as a pattern on kimonos and decorations.
The crease pattern is a layout of the creases required to form the structure of the model. Paradoxically enough, when origami designers come up with a crease pattern for a new design, the majority of the smaller creases are relatively unimportant and added only towards the completion of the model. What is more important is the allocation of regions of the paper and how these are mapped to the structure of the object being designed. By opening up a folded model, you can observe the structures that comprise it; the study of these structures led to a number of crease-pattern-oriented design approaches
Throughout the world, engineers have designed a wide variety of observation towers in different shapes and sizes (Figure 1). Unlike regular buildings and skyscrapers, which typically have rooms (offices, apartments, etc.) on every floor, observation towers may have a mostly "hollow" structure with an observation deck on top. Other similar structures that have a hollow frame with a heavy load at the top can include water towers and radio towers (Figure 2). You can download this slideshow for more pictures of different towers. 2b1af7f3a8